1st Maryland Regiment
A Brief History of Marylanders and the 1st Maryland Regiment
Prior to the War Between the States, Maryland had forged strong bonds with Virginia and the other southern states. Although more heavily
populated and more industrialized than her southern sisters, most Marylanders considered themselves "southerners". After all, Maryland is
south of the famed Mason-Dixon Line. Familiar, social, political, and economic ties created very strong sympathy in Maryland for the
seceding states. When Virginia left the Union many Marylanders clamored for their state to secede as well. President Abraham Lincoln,
recognizing the strategic importance of keeping Maryland in the Union, suspended the writ of habeas corpus and arrested the most ardent
secessionists. Despite the effort of Chief Justice Roger Taney, this condition was kept in place until March of 1863.
Realizing that their dream of secession was impossible, 800 Marylanders fled across the Potomac into Virginia, offering their services to
the Confederate States Army that was then gathering. Three infantry companies formed in Richmond while the remaining 6 formed in
Harpers Ferry. Company H, was one of the Richmond companies, an important fact that influences the uniforms and equipment that is
appropriate for the reenacting group. Shortly thereafter, the companies were brought together and the First Maryland Regiment was born.
The First Maryland Regiment enjoyed a position of distinction in the Confederate Army. It was renowned for being one of the most neatly
uniformed, most accurately drilled, and best disciplined outfits. The regiment participated with honor at 1st Manassas, in Jackson's Valley
Campaign of 1862, and in the Seven Days' Battles. At the battle of Front Royal during the Valley Campaign, 1st Maryland, C.S.A., came up
against and defeated their northern counterparts, the 1st Maryland Regiment, U.S.A., inflicting over 900 casualties to the Federal regiment.
At Harrisonburg, the 1st Maryland was on hand when the famous cavalryman Turner Ashby was killed. In this battle, the 1st Maryland drove
back the 62nd Pennsylvania Bucktails and was awarded the privilege of affixing a bucktail on their regimental colors by General Jackson. It
was the only such honor ever awarded by Jackson throughout the course of the war.
Reformed as the 1st Maryland Battalion and later the 2nd Maryland, the survivors of the original regiment fought at Gettysburg, the 40 Days'
Battles of 1864, Petersburg, and finally Appomattox, where 63 Marylanders surrendered. For a detailed review of the regiment during the
war, please see the 1st Maryland Chronology page. To view the original roster of Company H, 1st Maryland and the reenactors that portray
them, please see the Historic Roster (below).
The 1st Maryland faced the Pennsylvania Bucktails at Harrisonburg.
This action enabled many 1st Marylanders to capture the
Pennsylvanian's bucktails and display them on their kepis as badges
Books and Reference Material
Recollections of a Maryland
Loudon Cemetery - Baltimore, Md
Places of Rest